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Future development trend of woodworking machinery industry

PublishedDate:2021-11-19 11:08 Views:
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Since the reform and opening up, China's forest coverage has increased significantly, and the forest product economy has developed rapidly. The total output value of forestry increased from 17.96 billion yuan in 1978 to 7.33 trillion yuan in 2018, and the output of economic forest products such as wood-based panels, floors, wooden doors and furniture ranked first in the world. China has become an influential country in the production, trade and consumption of forest products.
Woodworking machinery is indispensable in the production of forest products. The innovation and progress of woodworking machinery also promote the development of forest products processing industry to a certain extent. China is rich in forest products, especially wooden furniture, which is the largest wooden product in the world. China's furniture has a long history and exquisite workmanship. It is a treasure in history and culture. Excellent furniture culture must be inseparable from convenient and efficient woodworking tools. China began to use woodworking tools as early as the Shang and Zhou dynasties, including plane, saw, drill, ink bucket, etc. After thousands of years of development, China's woodworking machinery has a high degree of automation. The total output value of woodworking machinery industry exceeded Italy in 2011 and Germany in 2013. With the advent of the Internet era and the vigorous development of customized home, China's woodworking machinery industry has formed a new development trend.
1、 General development trend of wood machinery industry in China
1. Flexible production to meet the personalized needs of consumers
With the vigorous development of the Internet industry, consumers are increasingly pursuing personalization and customization in home decoration. Under this trend, China's mass customization home industry has gradually formed. The so-called mass customization mode refers to a mode that realizes customization and marketing based on the specific needs of consumers on the basis of enterprise mass customization. Customized home enterprises can use the mode of mass customization to improve production efficiency and consumer satisfaction. According to statistics, in 2016, the average operating income of customized furniture enterprises was significantly higher than that of finished home enterprises, and the operating income of large customized home enterprises with the best sales reached 7.134 billion yuan.
However, customized home enterprises want to produce on a large scale, reduce costs and meet the personalized needs of consumers. At this time, the disadvantages of rigid production are gradually revealed. Flexible production is the best way to solve this contradiction. Flexible production is characterized by small batch, multi variety, standardization of parts, rapid organization of production, modularization of production system and information management. This makes customized home enterprises in the production process can be regulated and controlled more quickly and efficiently.
Household flexible production requires that when woodworking machinery produces a series of different types of products, the machine can process different parts with the change of products. Flexible manufacturing system is generally an automatic control system composed of NC processing equipment, material transportation device and computer control system. It can be adjusted according to the changes of manufacturing tasks and production environment. It is suitable for multi variety, medium and small batch production. The production line of household flexible production is uniformly controlled and managed by computer. For example, the flexible production line composed of highly automated NC machining center also needs to be equipped with corresponding information transmission, storage and centralized management system to ensure the maximization of flexible production.
Flexible production also requires the design and improvement of woodworking machinery and equipment, not only for a single equipment, but for the whole production line.
2. Intelligent manufacturing improves manufacturing productivity
Due to the rapid development of customized home and the gradual formation of home digital manufacturing mode, and the continuous maturity of home information management and control technology, home intelligent manufacturing has become the general trend. Intelligent manufacturing is the core of "industry 4.0". This model requires intelligent machines and humans to work together to carry out intelligent activities in the manufacturing process. It uses a new generation of digital technology and is a new round of manufacturing innovation.
Digitization is the foundation and core of intelligent manufacturing, which enables enterprises to use simple coding technology to collect, analyze, process, transmit and apply all kinds of information, words, images and data, realize standardization and high-speed processing, make enterprise production and manufacturing more efficient, provide better product and service experience, and improve user satisfaction.
Intelligent processing centers and intelligent production lines also need intelligent production equipment. Some large household enterprises have adopted intelligent production lines, while small and medium-sized enterprises are semi intelligent production lines or do not use intelligent production lines but have automatic production equipment. The intelligent production line integrates the processes of cutting, edge sealing, drilling, sorting and packaging to realize a real "unmanned factory". Intelligent production equipment includes CNC cutting machine, edge sealing rotation system, power transmission line, gantry grabber, six face drilling equipment, automatic sorting system, multi axis handling robot, etc.
3. From the design of production equipment to the design of production line
Due to the requirements of flexible production and intelligent manufacturing, woodworking machinery and equipment is not only the design of a single equipment, but the design of the whole production line. At present, the household industry not only needs to upgrade and numerically control the production design of some large-scale and low-grade woodworking machinery, but also needs to improve the whole production line to deal with mass flexible production.
During the layout and planning of the production line, full consideration should be given to the short development cycle and life cycle of furniture products, large production flexibility, improving the utilization rate of production equipment and the degree of standardization of production, setting the material preparation area according to the market demand, and proper allocation of man-machine work.
4. Collaborative development of upstream and downstream enterprises
The furniture industry has the characteristics of low entry threshold and simple business model, so there are a large number of furniture enterprises, but most furniture enterprises have the characteristics of small scale, weak strength and low industry concentration. Moreover, due to regional reasons, China has formed a number of industrial clusters in the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, Sichuan Basin and Bohai rim, but the development of other regions is relatively weak.
At present, in addition to the requirements for the performance and product quality of a single production equipment, we should also plan the production line and pay attention to the green environmental protection of the equipment. The woodworking machinery and equipment needed by the enterprise covers wood processing, mass customization production equipment, surface treatment equipment, intelligent packaging equipment, cutting tools and mechanical accessories. Take panel furniture for example. The upstream of panel furniture machinery industry mainly includes enterprises with less dependence on the industry, such as hardware accessories and electrical components, but the market competition is large, and the price will fluctuate periodically. The downstream enterprises are furniture, wooden doors, cabinets and other industries. They are the end consumer goods of the industrial chain and the driving force for the development of panel furniture machinery. Panel furniture machinery industry has strong linkage and dependence with downstream industries.
The linkage of the whole industry chain is also the development focus of China's furniture industry. The linkage development of materials, process technology and equipment enables the upstream and downstream of the industry to communicate more directly, which can not only benefit both sides, but also develop the whole industry.
2、 Panel furniture
Under the background of intelligent production, the main problems of panel furniture include that the design end and production end have not been fully connected; The factory production is chaotic, the order quantity is large, but it is difficult to have an optimal solution; Lack of information management. In view of these problems, the panel furniture production equipment also needs to be improved. For example, the large plate sleeve cutting equipment processed by milling has gradually replaced the electronic cutting saw, which not only optimizes the manufacturing process of furniture, but also facilitates the automatic feeding, processing and discharging, making it possible to use the mechanical arm for blanking. The edge banding connection unit is usually composed of 2 ~ 4 high-speed automatic edge banding machines. It is suitable for edge banding processing of melamine board, medium density board, plywood, etc. roll edge banding tapes of different materials can be used, including PVC, ASB, acrylic, etc. CNC machining center is the embodiment of panel furniture production. It can realize operations such as drilling at any angle, sawing at any angle, high-quality edge sealing and multi workpiece processing.
After improving a single production equipment, we have to wait for the layout and planning of the production line to maximize production efficiency and solve production problems.
3、 Solid wood furniture
The difficulty of intelligent production of solid wood furniture is special-shaped parts. Special shaped parts are irregular shaped solid wood parts in solid wood furniture. They usually contain non-circular curves, and their processing and production are more complex. Generally, the parametric design of special-shaped parts is carried out, and the NC machining center is used for milling and pin machining. CNC machining center has become the preferred equipment for special-shaped parts. It can complete the processing of complex parts and quickly adapt to the changes of design and process. Combined with the application of NC technology, it can improve the production efficiency of furniture and realize the rational application of resources.
4、 Conclusion
China's woodworking machinery is constantly developing and improving. Flexible production and intelligent manufacturing are the direction and key of future development. At present, China's woodworking machinery and equipment still rely on imported equipment, and improving its innovation ability is the guarantee to occupy a leading position in the international market. The development of woodworking machinery in China should first absorb foreign advanced technology, then upgrade and improve according to the specific situation of our country, develop efficient new products, and realize the transformation from single production equipment to production line development. Combined with the different development conditions of upstream and downstream enterprises, it can give full play to its maximum production value. Panel furniture enterprises and solid wood furniture enterprises have different equipment needs. The design of woodworking machinery needs to be targeted to truly solve the production problems of different types of furniture.





亚洲jlzzjlzz少妇老狼_亚洲中文字幕一区二区三区不卡_亚洲欧洲Av旡码一二三四五