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Development status and future trend of woodworking machinery

PublishedDate:2021-11-19 11:00 Views:
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China is a big country in furniture production, consumption and export. Woodworking machinery, as the basic industry of furniture industry, has made gratifying achievements after decades of development. From the primitive handicraft industry to today's advanced numerical control technology, it is not easy all the way. The development status and future trend of woodworking machinery deserve our attention and discussion.
By combing the representative woodworking equipment of some current brands, this paper attempts to present the trend characteristics of woodworking machinery dominated by furniture production in the development process, so as to provide reference for the industry.
01 origin and development of woodworking machinery
The oldest woodworking machine tool recorded in foreign historical materials is the bow lathe invented by the ancient Egyptians. It rotates wood manually and uses hand-held cutters to cut.
This ancient method gradually evolved into turning by winding two or three circles of rope on the pulley, putting the rope on the elastic rod bent into an bow, pushing and pulling the bow back and forth to rotate the processed object, which is called "bow lathe".
In 1777, Miller of England invented the circular saw machine and began to cut wood by rotation, which was widely used in shipyards and other places.
First hydraulic cylinder boring machine
In 1791, S. Bentham, the "father of woodworking machine tools", began to successively complete the invention of woodworking equipment such as planer, milling machine, router and drilling machine. Their successful development provides a foundation for the development of NC machine tools.
In China, until the early 20th century, the production of wood furniture still remained in the handicraft stage. The processing mode was mainly traditional woodworking tools, and there were few modern processing equipment.
After the reform and opening up, domestic woodworking machinery began to germinate and flourish. At present, there are about 1200 woodworking machinery production enterprises, about 200 enterprises above Designated Size, nearly 100000 employees and more than 6000 engineering and technical personnel, which can provide about 1100 kinds of woodworking machinery products in 69 categories.
02 current situation and trend of woodworking machinery
Nowadays, woodworking machinery has formed a complete product system and industrial chain. Under this trend, woodworking machinery presents the following trends.
02-1 the professional division of equipment is more detailed
Woodworking machinery production is developing from large and all-round to specialization. For example, the wood door production line of Shanghai Shuping has considerable advantages in the wood door machinery industry. Boshuo specializes in spraying production line, cangao specializes in high-frequency frame assembly, as well as enterprises specializing in band saw, sanding machine and other professional equipment.
It can be seen that the division of labor of woodworking machinery is more clear, which intensifies the competition in more fields, but also makes all links of furniture production more professional and in-depth.
02-2 equipment output turns to overall scheme output
Today, a single equipment output can no longer meet the production needs of enterprises. The core competitiveness of woodworking machinery brands in the future is the whole plant planning from front-end to back-end, and the layout from equipment island to production line.
The development of various new woodworking machinery, the intellectualization of furniture production and the unmanned production have stepped onto the woodworking machinery stage. Foreign Haomai, biyas, domestic Nanxing, Xinghui and other woodworking machinery brands have put forward their own integrated solutions. Woodworking machinery industry is gradually moving from designing products and production lines to a higher level of designing the whole plant.
02-3 furniture customization needs equipment flexibility
The development of woodworking machinery products must adapt to the development trend of customized furniture. The industrialized production of customized furniture has made earth shaking changes in the furniture industry.
In recent years, the rapid change of woodworking machinery products also reflects the need for woodworking machinery to be more flexible and flexible to meet the needs of customized furniture production. Whether an equipment or a production line can have more flexible, diversified and intelligent performance will become more and more important.
02-4 intellectualization and numerical control are the inevitable trend
With the deep integration of information technology and manufacturing technology, intelligent manufacturing is the inevitable trend of the development of woodworking machinery. While facing great challenges, enterprises also usher in opportunities for transformation, upgrading, innovation and development.
Furniture production under intelligent manufacturing mainly includes: no landing of workpieces in the production process, dynamic transmission of production data, automatic machine identification, independent call of processing technology for processing, automatic sorting, packaging, etc.
03 case description of several typical woodworking machines
The above introduces the origin and development of woodworking machinery, and combs its current situation and future trend, which may feel too abstract. Next, we will let you feel and grasp the development of furniture production equipment from actual cases through the description of several types of representative equipment of woodworking machinery.
03-1 panel furniture equipment
Large scale furniture customization was first realized and developed rapidly in the production of panel furniture. The production attribute of panel furniture and the internal logic of Furniture Customization also make the advanced modern production mode based on numerical control and information first applied in the production of panel furniture.
Although there are few production links of panel furniture, mainly including cutting, edge sealing, drilling, sorting, packaging and warehousing, under the huge differential production demand formed by mass customization, very advanced and intelligent production management software and hardware are needed.
The current panel furniture production equipment has been gradually improved in numerical control, flexibility and intelligence, resulting in the improvement of production efficiency and product quality.
First of all, let's look at a woodworking flexible production line from Nanxing equipment, also known as CNC cutting machine and hole cutting machine, which is mainly used for customized furniture cutting. The equipment integrates automatic labeling, feeding, front drilling, slotting, special-shaped processing, milling and automatic discharging, and can realize the automatic, intelligent and information-based production of customized furniture.
The cutting processing center must interface with the design order splitting software, optimize the layout and generate the corresponding processing data according to the order splitting data, which can greatly reduce the production difficulty and error rate of customized furniture and improve the processing efficiency.
Woodworking flexible production line
Woodworking flexible production line is a kind of numerical control equipment. In the embodiment of numerical control of panel furniture production equipment, the requirements of numerical control of drilling technology and drilling equipment are higher.
From the perspective of the whole furniture manufacturing process, the requirements of drilling technology are high and the cost investment is large. The performance of drilling equipment determines the drilling quality. Only the accurate hole position can produce high-quality furniture.
A new double station NC hexahedral drill of Xianda adopts a double station coordination system to give full play to the machining efficiency, which is more efficient, more stable and more flexible. The efficiency exceeds one driving two drilling lines, which can save space and save a lot of investment cost.
Based on the traditional NC hexahedral drill, this multifunctional NC hexahedral drill adds 4 side milling functions and can be designed with dual spindles. It is mainly used in lamino invisible parts, side milling function, heaven and earth hinge and other processes in furniture manufacturing.
Numerical control hexahedral drilling equipment
In addition to the embodiment of single equipment in numerical control and flexible processing, the prominent feature of panel furniture production is the highly intelligent operation of the production line and even the whole factory.
More and more brands can provide panel furniture factories with various needs from design to production, from stores to factories, from front-end to back-end, solve the production bottleneck worried by enterprises, double production costs, double production efficiency, and greatly reduce the dependence on labor.
For example, the customized furniture flexible intelligent factory project of Xinghui CNC does not require skilled workers online, which greatly reduces labor and management costs and reduces production errors. Equipment does not stop, two or more shifts do not stop production, so as to improve efficiency and output, so as to expand the scale of production and sales, improve the return on investment of land, plant and equipment, so that the customized furniture factory can provide consumers with products with higher cost performance and meet the personalized customization needs of thousands of households.
Intelligent factory for panel furniture production
03-2 solid wood furniture equipment
The production of solid wood furniture is relatively complex, with many processes, processes and low degree of product standardization. Its intelligent production is still difficult all over the world. For example, the complex material preparation process is not easy to realize automation, and the intelligent robot still has some limitations in the specific identification of transportation and loading and unloading.
However, the intellectualization of single equipment and the compounding of processes can realize the digital modeling and NC processing of wood products, and complete the composite processes such as solid wood sawing, planing and milling, tenon and grooving, and router milling. The above processes can be flexibly combined to realize flexible processing.
Solid wood material preparation is the basic process of solid wood furniture production, and panel assembly is one of the key processes of solid wood material preparation. Especially for large panel parts often appear in solid wood customization, panel assembly process is particularly important.
There are many traditional splicing processes, the splicing efficiency is low, and the quality is not guaranteed. The full-automatic high-frequency panel production line launched by cangao has made progress in cost control, production efficiency and product quality. One person can operate the whole production line, and it is feasible to realize the splicing of single long plate and multiple short plates.
Automatic high frequency panel production line
Sanding is one of the most important processes in solid wood production. The quality of sanding determines the final presentation quality of finished products. There are many forms of solid wood sanding, but the use of mechanical sanding is an inevitable trend. Now many processing enterprises have begun to use equipment to replace some manual sanding. The fine manual sanding and the high efficiency of mechanical sanding complement each other, which is a better choice.
Let's look at a new sander made by Qingdao QianChuan wood Equipment Co., Ltd. The equipment creatively uses the sand frame tilt technology. This tilt cross texture grinding technology greatly reduces the grinding traces of the sand belt, so as to improve the sanding flatness of the board surface and make the surface finer and softer.
Sand frame inclined broadband sander
After sanding, let's talk about the spraying process and equipment. In the field of furniture coating, manual spraying has gradually been replaced by automatic coating. At present, the common coating methods include reciprocating spraying, electrostatic spraying, roll coating, spray coating, etc. Among them, reciprocating spraying is called the "spokesman" of high-efficiency spraying, which has attracted more and more attention from factories.
It is understood that the reciprocating automatic spraying launched by Boshuo can produce 1500 square meters in 8 hours. For plate workpieces, whether flat or special-shaped surfaces, four sides and one surface can be sprayed at one time. In addition, the equipment has good universality. One equipment can solve the coating problems of many products, covering 60% - 70% of the products of furniture factories. This equipment not only has high efficiency, but also has the function of automatic recovery and collection of paint, saving energy and environmental protection.
Reciprocating automatic spraying production line
In addition to reciprocating automatic spraying, great progress has also been made compared with traditional roller coating. For example, the flexible intelligent roller coating line launched by Qingdao Linze has the unique advantages of saving paint (paint can be recycled), labor, high production capacity (8-hour daily production capacity of 3000 square meters), green environmental protection and no VOC emission compared with traditional manual coating.
Flexible intelligent roller coating line
03-3 wooden door production equipment
As a kind of furniture style, wooden door has been gradually independent due to the particularity of its structure and production technology, forming a professional wooden door production equipment and wooden door production line.
Under the background of the continuous promotion of intelligent furniture production, the production level of wooden doors has developed rapidly, and there are many woodworking machinery enterprises specialized in providing wooden door production solutions.
First, let's look at the single equipment of woodworking. The five axis machining center has a high degree of NC. This kind of machine tool has powerful functions, such as sawing, drilling, slotting, milling and wooden door gauge square. Usually, the hinge hole, lock hole and milling of door panel can be completed at one time. It not only has fast processing speed, but also has high precision. It's not too much to say that one device can handle one door.
For example, the five axis machining center of the force is a five axis equipment focusing on the solid wood industry, especially the Chinese furniture industry. Aiming at the processing problems of various special-shaped surfaces, complex lines and special shapes on solid wood furniture, the whole process is truly covered. Regardless of the processing speed, accuracy and equipment stability have reached the global leading level.
Five axis machining center
Single equipment has powerful functions and high flexibility, but for mass wood door production, different equipment needs to be combined and connected to form a wood door production line.
Shanghai Shuping is an enterprise that launched the wooden door production line scheme earlier, and has done a better job in the automatic production of wooden doors. It is understood that the full-automatic wooden door flexible production line of Shuping Seiko can reduce 90% of labor in one line, and one door can be offline in 15 seconds at the fastest. In addition, the energy-saving woodworking intelligent equipment created by Shuping Seiko can save 300 degrees of electricity a day, which will be more cost-effective for long-term use.
Real shooting of wooden door processing production line
04 conclusion
The development of woodworking machinery and equipment is inseparable from the progress of science and technology and the times. In the visible future, the degree of specialization of equipment will be higher and higher, and there will be leaders in all fields; The tide of Furniture Customization continues, and people's personalized needs need more flexible production schemes to meet; The development of single equipment is not enough to meet the current situation, and the integrated production scheme has more advantages; Of course, numerical control and informatization are the inevitable trend of the development of woodworking equipment. Unmanned and intelligent factories, including panel furniture and solid wood furniture, are our continuous goal.





亚洲jlzzjlzz少妇老狼_亚洲中文字幕一区二区三区不卡_亚洲欧洲Av旡码一二三四五